22 ago. 2018

HOW TO CREATE A MAKER SPACE IN YOUR SCHOOL: A step-by-step guide to unleashing students’ creativity

How To Create A Makerspace In Your School A Step-By-Step Guide To Unleashing Students Creativity. Arlington, Texas: PARAGON, 2017

The “maker movement” is catching on in education, and it’s easy to see why. Looking to inspire the next generation of tinkerers and innovators, a growing number of schools are creating spaces to unleash students’ creativity.
These spaces, which are equipped with everything from popsicle sticks and glue guns to electronics kits and 3D printers, can go by many different names. In some schools, they’re called “dream labs.” In others, they might be referred to as “innovation spaces.” To keep it simple, we will refer to them as “maker spaces” throughout this guide.
When educators encourage students to learn by creating, they inspire students to take ownership of their learning. Students become highly engaged and invested in their education.
In the process, students can learn not only key STEM concepts (like how an electronic circuit works or what the engineering design process entails), but also 21st-century skills such as problem-solving, teamwork, critical thinking, creativity and perseverance.
The maker movement isn’t really a new concept. “Montessori said that when you work with your head, your heart and your hands, it all works together,” says Sylvia Martinez, co-author of the book Invent to Learn: Making, Tinkering and Engineering in the Classroom. Learning by creating “is good pedagogy,” she says, explaining that the idea can be traced from Rousseau to John Dewey, Piaget and others throughout history. But one thing that’s different today is the sophistication of the tools that are available to students. As recently as 10 years ago, K-12 students would not have been able to design a machine and then fabricate parts for that machine. Now, with the help of widely accessible design programs and 3D printers, “any sixth grader can do that in a single class period,” says Trevor Shaw, director of technology for the Dwight-Englewood School in New Jersey and a leader in the maker movement for education. “It’s such an empowering experience,” he observes. Creating a maker space for your schools might seem like a daunting task. With this guide, we hope to make the process easier.
Within these pages, you’ll find questions and strategies to consider as you define your vision and goals, design and equip your maker space and help teachers shift their mindset to take full advantage of the space with their students.

14 jun. 2018

2018 top trends in academic libraries: A review of the trends and issues affecting academic libraries in higher education

Every other year, the ACRL Research Planning and Review Committee produces a document on top trends in higher education as they relate to academic librarianship. Topics in this edition of ACRL Top Trends will be familiar to some readers who will hopefully learn of new materials to expand their knowledge. Other readers will be made aware of trends that are outside of their experience. This is the nature of trends in our current technological and educational environments: change is continual, but it affects different libraries at different rates. The 2018 top trends share several overarching themes, including the impact of market forces, technology, and the political environment on libraries.

Publisher and vendor landscape.

Publishers and database providers continue to move beyond their traditional functions of research dissemination and distribution into areas of enriched discovery, analytics, productivity, and research workflow. In August 2017, Elsevier purchased institutional repository and publishing platform bepress. This purchase followed Elsevier’s purchases of SSRN and Plum and exemplifies a trend of major publishers purchasing and developing services that radically extend their capabilities beyond publishing. More recently, Digital Science has announced a new tool, Dimensions, which is intended to “reimagine” article discovery and access through, among other things, a citation databases and research analytics suite. Clarivate Analytics, perhaps best known for providing access to indexing and citation resources, such as Web of Science, Journal Citation Reports, and Endnote, has continued to expand its commercial reach into the scholarly infrastructure realm and ecosystem with the acquisition of Publons (a peer-review platform) and Kopernio (which aims to provide more seamless access to licensed and open access content).
As these large publishers and vendors turn more attention to the publishing infrastructure and elements of scholarly communication, they are becoming full-service providers supporting every aspect of scholars’ publication workflow from discovery to dissemination. These changes could have major impacts on smaller publishers, independent service providers, and academic libraries in the coming years.
The attraction of this model lies in streamlining disparate elements of academic research and publishing with a single provider that can coordinate funding, data collection and analysis, collaboration across institutional and international boundaries, writing, publication, and promotion of published materials. How researchers find information impacts the marketplace.
Kyle Siler argues that academics are more likely to acquire information through online search than through reading, and if this is the case, large publishers have the infrastructural advantage in making scholarship more visible. This might seem like a familiar conundrum for libraries to contemplate: Is this the new version of the “Big Deal,” where we are caught between demonstrating our value to researchers and determining sustainable commitments to licensed content and platforms?
An article in the Chronicle of Higher Education is one of the recent calls to members of the academic community to be more informed about the choices they make and be more active to change the climate. The efforts of European institutions, particularly in Germany and the Netherlands, to forward alternative approaches to open access and negotiations with major publishers, are other notable examples of actions toward sustainability of the scholarly information ecosystem.
Attempts to change the payment model for scholarly publishing have also gained traction in the OA2020 movement. This is a trend for librarians to monitor, as it could have significant implications for collections budgets, subscriptions, and campus priorities.
In an effort to streamline access to licensed content and reduce or eliminate the need for users to resort to tools like SciHub and ResearchGate (threatened with a lawsuit), publishers, librarians, and other stakeholders have been collaborating on RA21 Highwire Press, meanwhile, has partnered with Google Scholar to develop CASA (Campus-Activated Subscriber Access) These tools propose a federated identity system that would eliminate the need for IP authentication and proxy servers, allowing users to login once and be recognized across all participating platforms.
There are numbers of issues at play in the establishment and diffusion of federated identity systems, including 1) privacy concerns associated with the aggregation of this much user data, 2) potential challenges for smaller publishers unable to participate in the federated process, and 3) an increase in barriers faced by on-campus users. Access and discovery will continue to be both a priority and a challenge for libraries, as outside companies and individuals develop alternative mechanisms that are perceived as easier to use.

12 abr. 2018

Librerías-cafetería. Una guía práctica

Esta guía práctica revisa una treintena de establecimientos de Bretaña, Provenza-Alpes-Costa Azul, Borgoña y Alsacia. Las conclusiones son bastante obvias: acoplando el modelo económico de la librería con el de los cafés/restaurantes, los libreros consiguen una mayor rentabilidad. Por ello, la Agence Régionale du Livre Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur ha publicado un estudio sobre el trabajo de las librerías en la fidelización de clientes. Y más concretamente, en torno a la creación de cafés-librerías. Un enfoque para diversificar la oferta y aumentar los ingresos al mismo tiempo.
Durante el siglo XIX, los “salones de actividades de lectura” eran considerados como competidores directamente de las « libraires-diffuseurs » – terminología dada en el momento a las librerías-. Estos salones disponían de grandes espacios  con mesas y sillas, en los se daba la bienvenida a los lectores ávidos de novedades que iban a escuchar a los autores leer en voz alta su textos; también ofrecían bebidas y a veces un pequeño restaurante. Lugares de cultura y intercambios abiertos a todos que desaparecieron gradualmente al final de la I Guerra Mundial.Este modelo de lugar cultural, de intercambios y negocios mixtos, reaparece en 1993 en Guimaëc, Bretaña. Dos antiguos editores unen sus fuerzas y crean el “Caplan&Co”, una cafetería-biblioteca-galería arte; hecho que rápidamente se convierte en una referencia para el sector. Poco a poco este concepto se está expandiendo en otros lugares de Francia, con más o menos de éxito; y hoy en día, hay más de cien lugares que ofrecen este servicio. La librería-cafetería se instaló en las ciudades, en los pueblos, en una isla, en la curva de una carretera de montaña o en la costa; y este modelo se ha adaptado a todos los contextos geográficos y económicos, respondiendo a un deseo expresado por los clientes de las librerías independientes, tal como confirma una encuesta para un estudio realizado por Obsoco en junio de 2013, en el que el 84% de los clientes de librerías consideraban relevante la propuesta de un espacio cafetería/restaurante en su librería.

Les Librairies-café, guide pratique [e-Book]   Agence Régionale du Livre Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur, 2018.

Sin embargo, esta diversificación requiere una importante inversión humana y económica en términos de personal, planificación, precios y posicionamiento frente a sus clientes. Por lo tanto, es importante saber cómo comunicar esta nueva oferta, teniendo en cuenta que la librería de café induce a una rotación más importante de las existencias y reduce los plazos de pago de los proveedores.En la actualidad algunos libreros deseosos de fortalecer su atractivo, ampliar y retener a su clientela y mejorar sus beneficios, sienten la necesidad de diversificar su oferta, con el fin de proporcionarles vías concretas de reflexión; así la Agence Régionale du Livre Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur propone una colección guías prácticas, cuyo objetivo es presentar los puntos fuertes y las limitaciones del producto o servicios capaces de proporcionar esta diversificación. El enfoque de estas guías es tanto informativo como como económico.