10 jun. 2019

Makerspaces en bibliotecas universitarias

Make schools higher education alliance. State of making report. NYC: Making in Higher Education, 2015

Forty higher education institutions around the nation contributed profiles of their engagement with Making. Using this information, this landscape analysis of Making in Higher Education explores the institutional perspectives on and support for Maker culture, and in particular the approaches to education, community engagement, and campus resources being explored on American campuses.

At the first White House Maker Faire in June 2014, 153 US colleges and universities committed to supporting Maker education. This report celebrates the tremendous success and momentum that is growing in higher education across America for Making, and highlights its positive effects on diverse institutions across US higher education in the 21st century. Just as Making attracts a diverse set of people and ideas, the experiences of the 40 campuses described in this report are equally diverse. Yet, a number of common themes have emerged:
• A spirit of creativity and doing is driving the student Maker experience. More students are getting involved in hands-on activities, and more are embracing a culture of “doing” that is active and engaged beyond traditional lab or other coursework experiences.
• Most Maker education experiences today are based in engineering programs, but cross disciplinary collaborations are common. Complex, real-world problems or grand challenges are an important means to ground applied Maker explorations and foster crosscampus/interdisciplinary collaboration.
• Campuses are investing strongly in new spaces, curricula and partnerships to foster Maker culture on their campus. Makerspaces are observed to focus on the tools and technologies rather than capabilities engendered by the tools, and an open issue of limited access or barriered access to campus Makerspaces is present. Increased transparency and shared approaches to policy, process, and maintenance is seen as a key need.
• A new outward focus is proliferating throughout the higher education community, a focus that is blending practical learning and creativity toward a purposeful outcome. Enhancing this outward focus, and building new partnerships on and off the campus will be important for Making in the future.
Our analysis of U.S. higher education institutions are fostering Makers, Maker education, and Makerspaces, as well as, community engagement and partnership on their campuses today, suggests a number of key opportunities and shared agendas which would further strengthen this growing community. Many of these require further dialog and exploration by the community and we invite all higher education institutions to join in these conversations with the Alliance and its members. The recommendations include:
a. The MakeSchools Alliance, and higher education community, should identify shared definitions and common approaches to measuring success and impact of Making on campuses.
b. Institutions should strengthen existing and develop new partnerships beyond the campus -- with industry, government, K-12 schools, and the broader Maker movement--to create rich Maker ecosystems, connect higher education meaningfully with Making in the world, and build the pipeline for future students. The Alliance can help support this by serving as a clearinghouse for shared opportunities.
c. The MakeSchools Alliance should continue to collect, develop and share best practices among varying types of institutions across higher education to help support the growth of Making across diverse kinds of campuses.
d. Identifying national and global “grand challenges” for Making, and seek funding to support a broad initiative to pursue such a challenge, is an important next step for the community. Such a challenge would encourage students to recognize how they could have real world impact, further build connections among campuses across the nation, and expand public recognition of the importance of the Maker movement in higher education.